To avoid any problems with the sewer system, it needs to be thoroughly planned and then properly installed. A thoroughly prepared project is the most fundamental issue when designing a sewer for your home. The well-fitted piping is crucial as well - the pipes need to have the correct length and diameter. A poorly designed sewer system might lead to a serious slowdown of the sewage disposal or release of unpleasant smells from the pipes. How to avoid that? What issues are the most important to build a functional and efficient sewage system?
Table of contents
- How to connect sewer pipe correctly?
- Preventing leaks in your sewer system
- Proper ventilation - a crucial element of every plumbing system
- Sewer systems - house protection during heavy rainfalls
One of the most crucial factors that influences proper functioning of the installation is correct connection of pipes and fittings, as well as sealing them in order to prevent leaks. Several issues are important to consider during this phase. The most significant problems are length of the pipes and their gradients. It is also essential to set the right distance between individual sanitary wares and the plumbing vent.
Important The main rule of installation is easy to remember: the connections cannot be too long or too short.
What if one of them needs to be longer than recommended? You need to install access door. Thanks to it, any obstruction will be quick and easy to remove. In case when too short connections (shorter than 1 meter) need to be plugged in, water might be sucked out of the siphon. Such situation needs installing special air admittance valve.
As far as drain pipes are concerned, their size is another crucial factor. Notice that most of the plumbing systems work by the means of gravitation. The meaning of that is the fact that they are automatic and there is no need to use any additional machine elements. Having that in mind, make sure that the diameter of the pipes is large enough. Too tight pipes will significantly slow down the free flow.
Apart from choosing the right type of pipes, their proper connection and sealing is a very important issue. The majority of components of sewer systems are made of a highly durable material - polypropylene. This plastic material is a guarantee that the plumbing system at home will work efficiently for a long time. During installation one should make sure that the tools used for cutting are safe and there is no risk of damaging the elements. Straight, even cuts contribute to better connection of the elements. Any cracks or uneven surfaces might damage the seals, which consequently would reduce the level of safety for the whole system.
Many homeowners who decide to instal sewer systems in their houses on their own forget about a crucial aspect which is proper ventilation. Furthermore, it often happens that the plumbing vent is obstructed with a wall, whereas it should be finished with a special sewer vent. Keep in mind that there are certain limitations in this matter. Sewer ventilation cannot be connected with the main ventilation system of the house. Such connection would spread the unpleasant smells in every room.
It is important to use additional equipment for the sewer system, such as sewer backflow valves. It is one of the best methods to protect your house during storms and heavy rains. It prevents the sewage water from flowing back into the pipes and flooding the building.
Every mistake made during sewer system installation might lead to difficulties and hard to solve problems - such as the aforementioned unpleasant smell coming from the pipes.